Researchers at the University of Rostock in Germany have developed a model of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) transmission that considers subdivisions of age and sex to provide better insights into the impact that increased contact rates might have on the risk of infection and mortality.
Study authors Achim Doerre and Gabriele Doblhammer say that under the current mitigation measures introduced as of mid-August, the number of COVID-19 infections will have doubled by the end of October, with active cases higher among the young, those of working age, and elderly individuals.
Among those of working age, the risk of infection would be higher for women than men, while among the elderly, the risk would be higher for men than women.
Across all age groups, mortality rates would be twice as high among men than among women.
The team says the findings highlight the importance of non-pharmaceutical mitigation measures (NPMM) to counteract